Non-infectious diseases

The non-infectious diseases are those in which no living micro-organism is involved. Such diseases are often considered as injuries...">

Injuries by Mechanical agents

posted in Health Issues on 19 September 2018 by Author

Non-infectious diseases

The non-infectious diseases are those in which no living micro-organism is involved. Such diseases are often considered as injuries caused by:

  1. mechanical agents,
  2. physical agents,
  3. chemical agents,
  4. biological agents,
  5. genetic factors,
  6. nutritional deficiencies,
  7. deranged metabolism.
Injuries caused by Mechanical Agents

The mechanical injuries that may affect insects are usually of two types:

  • Distension
  • Trauma

Distension results when a digestive tract or Malpighian tubules is obstructed to prevent the flow of its contents.

Malphigian

Trauma results from the cutting, crushing and tearing of tissues and organs. The wounds or injuries usually affect the insect by damage to the tissues and organs, loss of blood (hemolymph), and exposure to pathogens at the site of injury. There are various kinds of trauma, such as bruises from injurious contact with a blunt object, concussions through jarring, crushing due to excessive pressure, cutting by sharp instruments, tearing by the forceful pulling apart of structures and puncturing from sharp or pointed objects.

Amputations of important structures, such as antennae, may to a considerable extent alter the insect's behaviour.

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